Public rental housing for Sandwich-class in China
Public rental housing (PRH) is provided to low- and middle-income families who cannot afford adequate commercial accommodations. PRH is given priority of the development by Chinese government currently.
To curb excessive growth of housing price, Chinese government aims to build ‘36 million units of affordable housing which will cover 20% of the country’s households’ for needy residents’(Sinomedia 2011). To some extent, PRH will gradually become the major affordable housing to be built for the Chinese market. The size of housing units will be between 40 square meters and 60 square meters. The priority of supplying land for PRH, privilege of tax policies, and other policies from government will guarantee the achievement of the initial target. The public transportation, schools, supermarkets, hospitals and other appropriate services are concerned when the PRH is built.
PRH is striving to provide affordable housing for Chinese citizens. For example, it highlights migrant workers also enjoy the policy if they have a stable job and a steady income. The policy was usually closely connected with permanent residence permit (Hukou). It means the policy is more open this time.
The rents of PRH and the qualification of applicants are becoming two major problems during the process of PRH project. Other problems, such as lacking of uniform criteria layout, the quality of architectural material, safety issue are exposed.
To sum up, it is controversial whether PRH measure can solve the problem of housing issue in China or not. Increasing housing production might be a better way than relying on the project of affordable housing from government.
Sinomedia 2011, Promised Land: A look behind the walls of China’s social housing program, [online]. Available at URL: http://www.chinaeconomicreview.com/content/promised-land [Accessed 08 Nov 2011].
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